A handbook of comparative social policy by Patricia Kennett PDF

By Patricia Kennett

ISBN-10: 1840648864

ISBN-13: 9781840648867

The present context of social coverage is one during which a few of the previous certainties of the previous were eroded. The predominantly inward-looking, family preoccupation of social coverage has made manner for a extra built-in, overseas and outward method of research which appears past the limits of the kingdom. it truly is during this context that this guide brings jointly the paintings of key commentators within the box of comparative research as a way to offer accomplished assurance of up to date debates and matters in cross-national social coverage learn. Organised round 5 issues, this notable quantity explores the contextual, conceptual, analytical and processual features of venture comparative social learn. within the first half, the authors are all for de-centring the country and lengthening the epistemological framework during which cross-national research is explored. In components II and III, the focal point is at the conceptual and theoretical frameworks for analysing social coverage cross-nationally, whereas half IV examines the daily truth of getting ready for and conducting cross-national research. within the ultimate part, the authors spotlight carrying on with and rising issues and concerns that are of specific relevance to knowing the modern social international. foreign in scope, this authoritative instruction manual offers unique leading edge learn from major experts and should turn into an essential resource of reference for somebody attracted to comparative social examine. it's going to additionally end up a useful learn reduction for undergraduate and postgraduate scholars from a number of disciplines together with social coverage, sociology, politics, city reviews and public coverage.

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This combined with Fordist methods of production and the increased power of organized labour meant that jobs, for men at least, were full-time and relatively secure. 34 A handbook of comparative social policy In many Western countries, in the post-Second World War period, the notion of duties and obligations between citizens and the state and among the citizen body expanded to embrace the social and economic dimensions of security. The nature and extent of entitlements that citizens had on the state, whether these were universal or based on specific needs, and the way in which these provisions were met, varied across countries, during different periods and according to the ideological predisposition of governments and their political/social constituencies.

In OECD countries, to varying degrees, globalization has called into question the role of the state as a guarantor of social security through the provision of a range of welfare goods and service. This has encouraged a redefinition of citizenship and ideas about entitlement (Hay and Watson, 2003). The move to market economies in the former Eastern bloc states and in countries across the global South has been encouraged by neoliberal ideas about the benefits of unfettered capitalism. Former Eastern bloc countries have increasingly been faced with conditionality on loans and in this new competitive climate have tended to see social protection as a burden on taxpayers, business and industry.

In addition, the structured coherence of national economy–national state–national society was weakened by changes associated with globalization, internationalization, the rise of multi-tiered global city networks, the formation of triad economies (such as European Economic Space), and the re-emergence of regional and local economies. The unity of the nation-state has also been weakened by the (admittedly uneven) growth of multi-ethnic and multi-cultural societies and Hollowing out the ‘nation-state’ 15 of divided political loyalties (with the resurgence of regionalism and nationalism as well as the rise of European identities, diasporic networks, cosmopolitan patriotism, and so on).

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