By Anke Niehof, Gabriel Rugalema, Stuart Gillespie
AIDS epidemics proceed to threaten the livelihoods of thousands of individuals in sub-Saharan Africa. 3 a long time after the sickness used to be first famous, the yearly demise toll from AIDS exceeds that from wars, famine and floods mixed. but regardless of hundreds of thousands of greenbacks of relief and study, there has formerly been little distinct on-the-ground research of the multifaceted affects on rural humans. Filling that hole, this e-book brings jointly fresh facts of AIDS affects on rural families, livelihoods, and agricultural perform in sub-Saharan Africa. there's specific emphasis at the function of ladies in affected families, and at the state of affairs of youngsters. The booklet is exclusive in featuring micro-level details gathered by way of unique empirical learn in a variety of African international locations, and displaying how well-grounded conclusions on traits, affects and native responses should be utilized to the layout of HIV-responsive regulations and programmes. AIDS affects are extra different than we formerly notion, and native responses extra various - occasionally leading edge, occasionally determined. The e-book represents an incredible contribution to our figuring out of the affects of AIDS within the epidemic's heartland, and the way those could be controlled at assorted degrees.
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Additional info for AIDS and Rural Livelihoods: Dynamics and Diversity in sub-Saharan Africa
2009; Du Preez and Niehof, this volume). When grown up, the orphans may either establish a new household on their parents’ piece of land or they may choose to live somewhere else. Orphans may stay on the land in what has been called an ‘orphanheaded household’. Alternatively, they (orphans) may get detached from the family and end up as street children. Although mortality of parents due to AIDS has been cited as contributing to the increasing number of street children in some parts of Africa (Lugalla and Kibasa, 2002), there is no evidence that the majority of the street children today are AIDS orphans.
Cultivation of matooke by socio-economic status shows the same decline over time, with the sharpest decline among the better-off households from the early sample, from about 60 per cent of households to about 30 per cent. Overall, the fraction cultivating matooke by 2007 was less than 30 per cent, with only about 10 per cent of poor households from the late sample cultivating matooke. The trend for matooke (plantain) was downward in both groups by HIV status, and in most socio-economic groups. Coffee also declined in popularity, especially among HIV-negative households and among the better-off households.
In HIV-positive households, other than joining by birth, most children who joined were returning household members, while in HIV-negative households most children were being fostered-in from other households. 4 More HIV-negative households received children for fostering; this is not surprising since one may expect parents or others making decisions about fostering would choose HIV-negative households as destinations for their children if possible. However, the difference was less marked in the late sample households.
AIDS and Rural Livelihoods: Dynamics and Diversity in sub-Saharan Africa by Anke Niehof, Gabriel Rugalema, Stuart Gillespie